chinese surnames meaning
There are family names with three or more characters, but those are not ethnically Han Chinese. Of course, clans continued the tradition of tracing their ancestry to the distant past as a matter of prestige. A Chinese family name is one of the thousands of family names that have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups in mainland China, Taiwan, and among overseas Chinese communities. Sometimes titles granted to ancestors were also taken as surnames. In some places, there are additional taboos against marriage between people of the same surname because they are considered to be closely related. For example, the surname "Li" is a Mandarin-based pinyin transliteration for the surnames 黎 (Lí); 李, 理 and 里 (Lǐ); 郦, 酈, 栗, 厉, 厲, and 利 (Lì) depending on the tone of pronunciation, which is often disregarded in foreign transliterations. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',168,'0','0'])); Li/Lee 李, Wang/Wong 王, Zhang/Chang 張/张, Zhao/Chao 趙/赵, Chen/Chan 陳/陈, Yang/Young 楊/杨, Wu 吳/吴, Liu 劉/刘, Huang/Wong 黃/黄, Zhou/Chow 周. Chinese women typically retain their maiden names after marriage. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article
Traditionally, Chinese surnames precede a person's given name. Your partner in parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning.
Translating Chinese surnames from foreign transliteration often presents ambiguity. They usually intermarried with others from nearby villages, creating genetic clusters. Chinese emperors sometimes passed their own surnames to subjects as an honor. This was a result of Chinese imperial theory according to which a commoner could receive the Mandate of Heaven and become emperor. For Chinese people’s names, the Hans usually choose two words or one word as their given names except their surnames. Bǎi jiā xìng (百家姓) is also used to call the list of one hundred most common surnames. Home » Learn Chinese » Chinese Vocabulary Lists » The Top 100 Chinese Surnames. FamilyEducation is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. The structure of the xing sinogram could reflect the fact that in the royal court of Zhou, at least in the beginning, only females (wives married into the Zhou family from other clans) were called by their birth clan name, while the men were usually designated by their title or fief. The largest Chinese diaspora community in the world are the Chinese Thais (or Sino-Thais), who make up 12–14% of the total Thai population. A 1987 study showed over 450 family names in common use in Beijing, but there were fewer than 300 family names in Fujian.. 司马), Zhuge (諸葛, simp. Prior to the Warring States Period (fifth century B.C.E.
For example, former Chief Secretary for Administration of Hong Kong, Mrs. Anson Chan is known as Chan Fang On-sang (陳方安生) where Fang is her maiden name. Leslie Cheung Kwok Wing. Romanization and transliteration of Chinese surnames into other languages has given rise to confusion over identity. During the Qing Dynasty surname associations often undertook extra-judicial roles, providing primitive legal and social security functions. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century.
eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); Xing were surnames held by the immediate royal family. Around the major crossing points of the Yangtze River, the most common surname is Li (李), accounting for 7.7 percent of the population, followed by Wang (王), Zhang (张/張), Chen (陈/陳) and Liu (刘/劉). Many clans eventually took on a single-character surname for various reasons. Chinese surnames are shared by people speaking a number of dialects and languages which often have different pronunciations of their surnames. (In cases of adoption, the adoptee usually also takes the same surname.) A nobleman would hold a shi and a xing surname indicating his ancestor and his sub-lineage. Sinologist Léon Vandermeersch has proposed another hypothesis based upon observation of the evolution of characters in oracular scripture from the Shang dynasty through the Zhou. After the states of China were unified by Qin Shi Huang in 221 B.C.E., surnames gradually devolved to the lower classes and the difference between xing and shi blurred. Traditionally, Chinese surnames precede a person's given name. In southern China, however, clans sometimes engaged in armed conflict in competition for land. In general people from mainland China will have both their surnames and names in pinyin. The 21st to 30th common surnames, which together account for about 10 percent of Chinese people in the world: Xie/Hsieh/Cheu/Hsia 謝/谢, He/Ho 何, Xu/Hsu 許/许, Song/Soong 宋, Shen 沈, Luo 羅/罗, Han 韓/韩, Deng 鄧/邓, Liang 梁, Ye 葉/叶. When no official romanization exists, translators often will use the transliteration that best fits with the locale where the person originated. "old hundred surnames"), and bǎi xìng (百姓, lit. Some are originally from non-Chinese tribes that lived in ancient China, while others were created by joining two one-character family names. Since the peasant population was so large, these are some of the most common Chinese surnames. These include Sima (司馬, simp. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, Top 19 surnames, and estimated population, Links to various sites on Chinese surnames, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Chinese_surname&oldid=1003283, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, arrange; exhibit; narrate; tell; old; stale; to state; to display; to explain, gate, gateway, mountain pass; to close; to shut; to turn off; to concern; to involve, a measure word for flat objects like paper or tables; open up.
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