We could be talking about chrome just as easily as IDA pro here. I used early versions of IDA Pro on MS-DOS in 1996... and it had the core analysis and interactive disasm mode then. But if Ghidra had been released a few years ago, I’m pretty sure I would have gone and implemented support for the extension myself; I haven’t looked at Ghidra’s source yet, but since it already supports other vector ISAs, it probably wouldn’t be that hard. It still works like that. I mean, someone somewhere at the NSA must have been trying to do something with IDA Pro only to repeatedly fail before the decision was made that whatever the NSA was trying to do warranted developing their own IDA Pro... right? You could comparatively stitch something together with the tools in Radare to patch over this for the cases it doesn't handle. If it doesn't seem too difficult, I might even try creating a LE loader for it myself.

I think the solution lies in "free-to-use (but not free-to-sell), source available" licenses. Cookies help us deliver our Services. So they've got that going for them. When I went to renew my support, they grilled me again.

This means that incentives would be wrong, because then developers would be incentivized to produce difficult to use (but useful!) Why? It's certainly a concern but many companies make it work.

- Ghidra has a (mostly functional) patching interface which understands assembly. Why are there so many references to high bill rates in these comments, is the pay especially notorious? Problems like the latter are really helped by being able to do some reverse engineering of the application to figure out why the heck it just writes out the first 2 GB of the file. Interactive Widgets. I do so love the shell code compiler of Binary Ninja, though. We normally get nothing but praise during any customer support interaction. You are the leader in your segment of the market one day and the undisputed leader.

Hey guys i'm a begginer in binary exploitation and wanted to ask which tool should i learn and use from those because it seems to me that they do the same work. More posts from the LiveOverflow community. We use it only once every couple of years to debug some kind of compatibility issue like this, and so we usually have to dig around to figure out if we still have valid licenses, deactivate systems that we're no longer using, and so on. But things may have improved dramatically in the last 8 years or so. Plus you probably don't want it phoning-home either... Maybe it's all just an elaborate recruitment ad. and to be quite honest, its just fun to me to reverse a program. I don't think that is possible. IDA (and now Ghidra) feel like an IDE, while radare2 feels more like Vim. So bad example. What's the average wage of a cyber security professional in SE Asia or Africa compared to these tools? The self interest just doesn't line up. Because they have access to the source code itself.

(Piracy is a partial solution, including in IDA’s case, but some people don’t like to do that.).

Being able to make changes without worrying about your IDB accidentally becoming unusable is huge.. To get to hex-rays having a reasonable price you probably have to look at jobs like pipe welding where the equipment is expensive and the hourly high, but the comparison is much less direct.

Or perhaps they used IDA Pro so often and grew so frustrated by it that they started their own?

However, Ghidra's Python is actually Jython, which gives it access to the entire state of the system (minus the decompiler, which is native code - but you can interact with all the code that drives the decompiler).

Ghidra’s source source code was not released. - Ghidra's UI is marginally worse than IDA because it's implemented in Java Swing (compared with IDA's Qt). - Ghidra will decompile code from a dozen different architectures. Cutter goal is to be an advanced FREE and open-source reverse-engineering platform while keeping the user experience at mind. If your real world adversaries can reverse binaries, why would you shackle a Red team from doing so?

(This is one of the reasons why I suspected a true competitor to IDA would never come around as FOSS -- it takes a shitload of money to do that, and it's also something you can make a shitload of money from.

Likely nothing, it's the source code for an RE toolkit with an NSA sticker right on the box. But if you speak about FOSS alternative - there is already radare2[1]+Cutter[2]+radeco[3].

Edit: Wiki said it is NP-Complete but I was pretty sketchy about it. It hadn't existed.

Large player in widget market has low marginal cost and deep pockets, sells widgets at marginal cost its competitors can't match. code is not provided.

In Evans case his creation is not only awesome, it also has a large target audience.

It's a totally different market. And that’s just one of many customizations I‘ve wanted over the years. Sounds like every developer working on an open source stack.

Malware analysis and vulnerability research.

What's missing (and coming soon) is a build system. Sidekiq charges for their Enterprise plan which starts at $179 per month, Redis offers paid Commercial Support. Selling support means that the developer is incentivized to make product unnecessarily complex. Seems one has already been found [1]. Also use IDA when all else fails. The issue is with "vulnerability". No, you almost certainly promised not to do so when you bought a licence. Ghidra supports a wide variety of process instruction sets and executable formats and can be run in both user-interactive and automated modes. I have no complaints about BinaryNinja. P.S. 2. supporting classified proprietary architectures (think missile chips or something). What you have to wonder is how much code was contributed by some seemingly normal community member that is actually a front for the NSA to introduce subtly flawed code that they can use to their advantage while being plausibly just a bug? Ghidra vs Cutter vs Radare2 vs IDA. 1. macOS: Download the latest .dmg file or use Homebrew Cask brew cask install cutter.

Maybe. https://www.zdnet.com/article/oracle-to-sinner-customers-rev... https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=10043432. Do we really need this? Which RE tool should I choose: Radare vs Ghidra. Imagine if this type of sentiment were applied to paint brushes.

There might be some exceptions that "make it work", but this is in spite of just selling services on top of their product, not because of it. Ghidra appears to use version control, with a need to merge changes. Prices are not published but I believe they are over $30k/cpu/year and for larger designs you really want a big sim server. Just searched for your username in our chat and our email and don't see anything so I assume you've got a different email? Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts.

Cutter has the Ghidra decompiler plugin as well. I would be surprised if one of these tools is lacking such a capability. Semi-automatic struct inference rocks, and it comes with a big type library.

but I believe that reverse engineering should be accessible to beginners and amateurs. By that loose definition, every modern IDE has an RCE "vulnerability". Competitors exit market or are relegated to minor market share, leaving de facto sole survivor. I have no complaints about BinaryNinja :-), Yeah, sorry for being slow on the uptake there. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. I'd expect most people who use software like this to be using things like Qubes OS anyway?

This is the first I've heard about it!

They are now releasing it because it’s not a competitive edge anymore and can be used as a recruiting tool. We do support IDA Pro so that you can run BAP analysis from it and have the best of two words. Ghidra probably won't have plugins to support all of these weird old legacy formats and CPUs which the full IDA package does for a while, but hopefully it'll get there eventually. I hope you don't use Linux, because the NSA contributes to quite a lot of OSS. - Ghidra's type system is nice, and in some ways nicer than IDA's.

This not being the top comment kinda scares me. Please don't forget to submit it as a pull request once the code's on GitHub. So should i learn two or all of them or learn and use only one for now to not waste the time. I am new to reverse engineering binaries and I can't decide what software to use.

What's been significantly improved in IDA over the last 10-15 years?

Also totally normal market practice.

Do you think that radare2’s UI is a step forward? Looking forward to trying it. Red teams are used to test a company's overall security, and reversing normally wouldn't make sense compared to phishing, using common exploits, and owning the network. The part I was most interested in atm (the decompiler) turns out to be some sort of native language compiled to an executable, and its source isn't there. The decompiler for instance is a precompiled binary (elf64 file on linux) wrapper in some java code. That basically excludes how Open Source is supposed to get monetized. [1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IDEF#The_IDEF_modeling_languag... [2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIL-STD-498. You’re at the mercy of Ilfak’s priority list.

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cutter vs ghidra

cutter vs ghidra

The source in a more usable form should be posted here soon: After further investigation my above comment is not true. From that perspective, the ideal is what the NSA ended up with, a codebase whose development is fully in-house. As soon as the code is up I hope to submit a PR, which will be pretty easy since I already have the diff. "If you are interested in projects like this ... consider applying" is even mentioned in the README. When I use IDA, almost all of my actual work in the tool itself is very "boring" RE stuff, because it does its job. /r/LiveOverflow is a place to discuss and create live hacking videos, or other content that might be related to CTFs. This was meant as more than a throwaway comment, please see the many discussions - Oracle's chief security officer got extremely upset by it. If one of those assumptions is violated, applications can crash or refuse to interact with you. IDA Pro, despite costing many thousands of dollars, gets confused when you try to assemble something as basic as "mov rdi, rdx" in 64-bit code.

We could be talking about chrome just as easily as IDA pro here. I used early versions of IDA Pro on MS-DOS in 1996... and it had the core analysis and interactive disasm mode then. But if Ghidra had been released a few years ago, I’m pretty sure I would have gone and implemented support for the extension myself; I haven’t looked at Ghidra’s source yet, but since it already supports other vector ISAs, it probably wouldn’t be that hard. It still works like that. I mean, someone somewhere at the NSA must have been trying to do something with IDA Pro only to repeatedly fail before the decision was made that whatever the NSA was trying to do warranted developing their own IDA Pro... right? You could comparatively stitch something together with the tools in Radare to patch over this for the cases it doesn't handle. If it doesn't seem too difficult, I might even try creating a LE loader for it myself.

I think the solution lies in "free-to-use (but not free-to-sell), source available" licenses. Cookies help us deliver our Services. So they've got that going for them. When I went to renew my support, they grilled me again.

This means that incentives would be wrong, because then developers would be incentivized to produce difficult to use (but useful!) Why? It's certainly a concern but many companies make it work.

- Ghidra has a (mostly functional) patching interface which understands assembly. Why are there so many references to high bill rates in these comments, is the pay especially notorious? Problems like the latter are really helped by being able to do some reverse engineering of the application to figure out why the heck it just writes out the first 2 GB of the file. Interactive Widgets. I do so love the shell code compiler of Binary Ninja, though. We normally get nothing but praise during any customer support interaction. You are the leader in your segment of the market one day and the undisputed leader.

Hey guys i'm a begginer in binary exploitation and wanted to ask which tool should i learn and use from those because it seems to me that they do the same work. More posts from the LiveOverflow community. We use it only once every couple of years to debug some kind of compatibility issue like this, and so we usually have to dig around to figure out if we still have valid licenses, deactivate systems that we're no longer using, and so on. But things may have improved dramatically in the last 8 years or so. Plus you probably don't want it phoning-home either... Maybe it's all just an elaborate recruitment ad. and to be quite honest, its just fun to me to reverse a program. I don't think that is possible. IDA (and now Ghidra) feel like an IDE, while radare2 feels more like Vim. So bad example. What's the average wage of a cyber security professional in SE Asia or Africa compared to these tools? The self interest just doesn't line up. Because they have access to the source code itself.

(Piracy is a partial solution, including in IDA’s case, but some people don’t like to do that.).

Being able to make changes without worrying about your IDB accidentally becoming unusable is huge.. To get to hex-rays having a reasonable price you probably have to look at jobs like pipe welding where the equipment is expensive and the hourly high, but the comparison is much less direct.

Or perhaps they used IDA Pro so often and grew so frustrated by it that they started their own?

However, Ghidra's Python is actually Jython, which gives it access to the entire state of the system (minus the decompiler, which is native code - but you can interact with all the code that drives the decompiler).

Ghidra’s source source code was not released. - Ghidra's UI is marginally worse than IDA because it's implemented in Java Swing (compared with IDA's Qt). - Ghidra will decompile code from a dozen different architectures. Cutter goal is to be an advanced FREE and open-source reverse-engineering platform while keeping the user experience at mind. If your real world adversaries can reverse binaries, why would you shackle a Red team from doing so?

(This is one of the reasons why I suspected a true competitor to IDA would never come around as FOSS -- it takes a shitload of money to do that, and it's also something you can make a shitload of money from.

Likely nothing, it's the source code for an RE toolkit with an NSA sticker right on the box. But if you speak about FOSS alternative - there is already radare2[1]+Cutter[2]+radeco[3].

Edit: Wiki said it is NP-Complete but I was pretty sketchy about it. It hadn't existed.

Large player in widget market has low marginal cost and deep pockets, sells widgets at marginal cost its competitors can't match. code is not provided.

In Evans case his creation is not only awesome, it also has a large target audience.

It's a totally different market. And that’s just one of many customizations I‘ve wanted over the years. Sounds like every developer working on an open source stack.

Malware analysis and vulnerability research.

What's missing (and coming soon) is a build system. Sidekiq charges for their Enterprise plan which starts at $179 per month, Redis offers paid Commercial Support. Selling support means that the developer is incentivized to make product unnecessarily complex. Seems one has already been found [1]. Also use IDA when all else fails. The issue is with "vulnerability". No, you almost certainly promised not to do so when you bought a licence. Ghidra supports a wide variety of process instruction sets and executable formats and can be run in both user-interactive and automated modes. I have no complaints about BinaryNinja. P.S. 2. supporting classified proprietary architectures (think missile chips or something). What you have to wonder is how much code was contributed by some seemingly normal community member that is actually a front for the NSA to introduce subtly flawed code that they can use to their advantage while being plausibly just a bug? Ghidra vs Cutter vs Radare2 vs IDA. 1. macOS: Download the latest .dmg file or use Homebrew Cask brew cask install cutter.

Maybe. https://www.zdnet.com/article/oracle-to-sinner-customers-rev... https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=10043432. Do we really need this? Which RE tool should I choose: Radare vs Ghidra. Imagine if this type of sentiment were applied to paint brushes.

There might be some exceptions that "make it work", but this is in spite of just selling services on top of their product, not because of it. Ghidra appears to use version control, with a need to merge changes. Prices are not published but I believe they are over $30k/cpu/year and for larger designs you really want a big sim server. Just searched for your username in our chat and our email and don't see anything so I assume you've got a different email? Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts.

Cutter has the Ghidra decompiler plugin as well. I would be surprised if one of these tools is lacking such a capability. Semi-automatic struct inference rocks, and it comes with a big type library.

but I believe that reverse engineering should be accessible to beginners and amateurs. By that loose definition, every modern IDE has an RCE "vulnerability". Competitors exit market or are relegated to minor market share, leaving de facto sole survivor. I have no complaints about BinaryNinja :-), Yeah, sorry for being slow on the uptake there. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. I'd expect most people who use software like this to be using things like Qubes OS anyway?

This is the first I've heard about it!

They are now releasing it because it’s not a competitive edge anymore and can be used as a recruiting tool. We do support IDA Pro so that you can run BAP analysis from it and have the best of two words. Ghidra probably won't have plugins to support all of these weird old legacy formats and CPUs which the full IDA package does for a while, but hopefully it'll get there eventually. I hope you don't use Linux, because the NSA contributes to quite a lot of OSS. - Ghidra's type system is nice, and in some ways nicer than IDA's.

This not being the top comment kinda scares me. Please don't forget to submit it as a pull request once the code's on GitHub. So should i learn two or all of them or learn and use only one for now to not waste the time. I am new to reverse engineering binaries and I can't decide what software to use.

What's been significantly improved in IDA over the last 10-15 years?

Also totally normal market practice.

Do you think that radare2’s UI is a step forward? Looking forward to trying it. Red teams are used to test a company's overall security, and reversing normally wouldn't make sense compared to phishing, using common exploits, and owning the network. The part I was most interested in atm (the decompiler) turns out to be some sort of native language compiled to an executable, and its source isn't there. The decompiler for instance is a precompiled binary (elf64 file on linux) wrapper in some java code. That basically excludes how Open Source is supposed to get monetized. [1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IDEF#The_IDEF_modeling_languag... [2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIL-STD-498. You’re at the mercy of Ilfak’s priority list.

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